Enlarged or clogged pores: Causes and best treatment
These days, pore care is extending to people of all ages. This is because conspicuous pores are linked to several skin concerns: The skin loses its smooth appearance, its texture looks rough, and the pores form shadows, making the skin tone appear darker.
However, the causes for conspicuous pores vary according to one’s age. As a result, the methods for caring must vary as well.
Here, we summarize the causes of conspicuous pores and how to care for them.
Pore concerns and their causes
There are a variety of concerns, including blackheads, clogged pores (keratin plugs), pore opening (enlargement), and pore deformation (vertical elongation), to name a few. In general, we can identify two broad types and causes of conspicuous pores.
Clogged pores are caused by an excess of sebum secretion triggered by a hormone imbalance, or impurities resulting from inadequate care
Male hormones have the effect of boosting sebum secretion and thickening the stratum corneum. While puberty is a widely known trigger, stress and lack of sleep are also said to increase male hormone secretion. As sebum production increases, the openings of pores narrow, hindering the smooth discharge of sebum and leading to conspicuous pores.
Enlarged or elongated pores
Large or deformed pores are caused by skin sagging that occurs with age
Due to degeneration in the dermis caused by age or photo aging, the skin’s surface loses its firmness, and the force of gravity causes sagging to take place. As a result, pores open up and are pulled in the direction of gravity, making them vertically elongated and thus more conspicuous.
Pore concerns change with age
Consequently, the types of pore concerns change along with age. Blackheads and clogged pores are common in the teens and 20s, while pore deformation caused by skin sagging increases among those in their 40s to 60s. For the years in between, from the 20s to the 40s, there are some cases where even while sebum buildup or pore opening that began in the younger years may still be having an impact, sagging is already beginning to take place. Many people in their 30s in particular complain of both kinds of concerns, those caused by the excess sebum common to the younger demographic and the sagging common to the older demographic. Pore concerns are thus multifaceted.
Best care for your pores
Pore clogging caused by excess sebum secretion
Tips for care
Pore opening or deformation caused by skin sagging
Tips for care
Steps to combat the weakening of the skin are needed.
- Best treatment for twin concerns of “clogged pores & pore opening”
- Wash your face to remove excess sebum, re-examine your living habits, and curb sebum secretion, on the one hand, while also keeping skin hydrated. These steps will help keep pores from becoming conspicuous.
- Background information: types and features of conspicuous pores as seen in a cross-sectional diagram
The skin condition is of someone in their 20s with normally textured skin without conspicuous pores. The texture of the skin’s surface is smooth, pore cavities are shallow, and there is no visible buildup of surplus sebum. In the cross-section, we can see that the size of the sebaceous glands and sebum secretion are normal, and there is no visible blockage of pores or sebum buildup in the hair follicles.
Clogged pores: Pores are clogged
This is also someone in their 20s, but with abundant sebum and conspicuous pores. The skin’s surface is shiny and oily, blackheads and clogged pores are visible, and the pores are conspicuous. We can see in the cross-section that the sebaceous glands are large, sebum secretion is brisk, and there is discernible blockage of pores and sebum buildup in the hair follicles.
Open pores: Skin lacks firmness
This is a skin condition that increases in the 30s and 40s. The skin’s surface is not shiny or oily, and there is no discernible blockage of pores or sebum buildup in the hair follicles, but the skin has begun to lack firmness, and pores have opened up and become conspicuous. From the cross-section, we can tell that the sebaceous glands are small, and sebum secretion appears to be less active.
Open pores: Skin is sagging
This skin condition increases in the 40s and beyond, in which a lack of firmness due to aging has caused skin to sag, and deformation of the pores is making the pores conspicuous. Whereas pores initially have a nearly circular shape, this condition is characterized by the pores growing vertically long, making them conspicuous. In the cross-section, we can see that due to the degeneration of dermal collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid, the skin has lost firmness and elasticity, and there is discernible sagging. This is related to aging of the dermis, caused by biological aging and the accumulation of damage from UV rays (photo aging).
As seen above, the causes for conspicuous pores vary widely and are associated with one’s age, so the strategies for caring for them also differ depending on their cause.
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